Diabetes is a serious medical condition that results when an individual either does not produce enough insulin (Type 1 diabetes) or incorrectly processes insulin (Type II diabetes). Because of these metabolic defects, Diabetic individuals cannot effectively regulate their blood sugar levels, an essential bodily process. To regulate this, Type I diabetics must take insulin injections daily for survival, whereas Type II diabetics may be able to regulate their blood sugar well enough to survive, but insulin injections greatly facilitate their ability to maintain normal blood sugar levels that allows them to enjoy a greater degree of health. Nearly 40% if those who already suffer from Type II diabetes will become dependent over time on receiving insulin injections to achieve adequate blood sugar levels which will be necessary for their survival. The Insulin molecule must be administered by injection and cannot be delivered by pill form.
The correct dose of Insulin varies with each individual and is dependant upon the person's body weight and the BMI, or fat to muscle ratio in the body composition. The amount of physical activity of the individual, as well as his or her fitness level will, also influence the correct amount of insulin that needs to be administered. Other factors that can have an impact include the individual's diet or daily nutritional intake, general health and any and all medicines that are taken concomitantly. The required insulin dose is even affected by the individual's level of stress and emotional status. Therefore, the amount of insulin required by different individuals varies quite dramatically. Configuring the correct dosage is further complicated by the varying needs of people as to the time of day when their blood sugar levels demonstrate the greatest change. Additionally, some diabetics require more than one form of insulin.
Many diabetic blood sugar levels can be controlled with one daily insulin shot, whereas the majority require 2 or more insulin administrations spaced though out each day to maintain normal blood sugar levels. It is noteworthy that a diabetic who requires more than one insulin shot daily does not necessarily have a worse case of diabetes; this is merely the best form of blood sugar control for this person. If fact, the individual who maintains blood sugar throughout the day that is more similar to that of normal, irregardless of the number of shots per day, usually fares much better in terms of disease progression than someone who uses fewer insulin doses but still has either high blood sugar or who experiences dips and rises in blood sugar during the course of a day.
After a patient begins insulin therapy, he or she may anticipate that the doctor will modify the schedule or change the insulin dose as dictated by the results of blood sugar testing until the best results or achieved for the individual. The doctor will explain the intricacies of the particular regimen that has been diagnosed. It is crucial that the patient fully comprehend why the insulin must be taken at a particular time in order to achieve and maintain the best results in blood sugar control. It is in the patient's best interests to fully comply with this regimen and work with the doctor to fine tune it to the fit the patient's daily routine.
It simplifies things to know that the insulin molecule and its preparations are stable under at ambient temperature. If insulin is stored between 36 and 86 degrees F it can last for up to one month. The preparation should be kept out of sunlight at all times. If storage is to exceed 30 days, the insulin must be refrigerated, but never frozen. To prevent potential discomfort, the refrigerated product must be allowed to come to room temperature before attempting to inject it. Insulin can be damaged if storage temperature exceeds the recommended range and all insulin should be thrown away after the expiration date. Open insulin bottles should be discarded after 3 months of refrigerated storage, regardless of the expiration date and open bottles that have been stored at room temperature for thirty days must be discarded.
Insulin is measured in "units" and the most commonly sold form of insulin in the United States has 100 units of insulin per milliliter of preparation. These solutions are labelled as"U-100", which refers to the insulin amount or concentration. Each of these bottles contains 10 mililiters of preparation with a total of 1000 units of insulin, and is identifiable by an orange cap.